The Macedonian Question. Essay on Macedonia

The Macedonian Question. Essay on Macedonia

Europe confronted the Macedonian Question in 1878 on the Berlin Congress: decide to deny the right of Bulgarians to live in one country, cut and dismember the Bulgarian Kingdom with population. The Treaty of Versailles 1919 awarded Greece, Serbia and Rumania with Bulgarian land. Rumania became Bulgarian province Dobrudja. Greece - Thrace and 52% of Macedonia, Serbia take Nish, Pirot and 40% of Macedonia. Macedonia is Bulgarian land. In Green on the next map are land inhabited by more than 70% of Bulgarian. The Berlin Congress have to approved all ethic populated Bulgarian land to be in one country and not to give 70% back to Ottoman empire. Furthermore Bulgaria have to remain under Turkish suzerainty and East Rumelia to be govern by Turkey! What injustice was create in the Congress in Berlin - incredible?

The Macedonian question is still unresolved

The Berlin Congress out of fear Bulgaria may become Russian Colony dismember terribly the Bulgarian state so that more Bulgarian 4 Millions are living outside under foreign administration, than inside in the Bulgarian state. This decision was very wrong and cause many wars and suffering on the Balkan. San Stefano Bulgaria give already 30% of her own territories to the neighbors from 215 000 km2 to 170 000 km2 to 111 000 km2 today.

The Macedonian Question. Essay on Macedonia

The result of the Congress in Berlin. Who give right the Superpowers to dismember the country like this:

Sir Arthur John Evans (1851-1941) Sources proving that Macedonia is not Greek is very easy to find. Historians write about whether the ancient Macedonians were Hellenic. According to Loring Danforth “The evidence says no.” Hellenes described the ancient population of Macedonia as barbarians and Phillip II and Alexander the Great greekness are rather dubious. Greek armed forces in 1912 occupied 52% of Macedonia, immediately started ethic cleansing, forced 1 million Macedonians over the years to leave their own country and to migrate to the area of the Republic of Macedonia, Bulgaria, Australia, Canada and USA. There are still more than 1 million Macedonians, who live in Greek Macedonia with change name (Greek name), which don’t have right to learn Bulgarian language in the school, but they do so in the family, prove very clear that Macedonia is Bulgarian and not Greek. When you enter in Greek Macedonia almost every one speaks Bulgarian language. Today’s practice is the opposite of the classical Athenian democracy ideas. Greece should be ashamed to turn today to #1 undemocratic state in Europe. Amnesty International Report prove it. The following article prove without any doubt, that Macedonia is not Greek, but Bulgarian and this for 15 centuries. It follows 2 great personality from Great Britain friends of the truth about Macedonia and Bulgaria.

A distinguished English archeologist and ethnographer, and a well-known authority on the Balkans, Sir Arthur J. Evans was one of the persons chosen by the London Balkan Committee as a member of the British Relief Mission charged with the task of visiting Macedonia after the Great Insurrection of 1903, to distribute aid to the victims of Turkish soldiery called out from Asia to crush the insurrection.

Sir Evans is an author and well-known authority on the Balkans. Among many other works, Sir Evans is the author of the important book, The Adriatic Slavs and the Overland Route to Constantinople.

Sir Arthur John Evans excavated the ruins of the ancient city of Knossos in Crete and uncovered evidence of a sophisticated Bronze Age civilization, which he named Minoan; his work was one of archaeology’s major achievements and greatly advanced the study of European and eastern Mediterranean prehistory.

He advocated to: Give Macedonia back to the Macedonians!

The letter below, which deals with the Macedonian question, appeared in the London Times, on September 30, 1903:

William Ewart Gladstone (1809-1898) “Sir: As one who had the exceptional opportunities for studying the Macedonian problem from the inside, I may perhaps be permitted to point out some of the most essential conditions of the present situation. I have traversed Macedonia at different times in almost every direction - from the Aegean side, from Albania, from the Kosovo vilayet, from Serbia, and from the Bulgarian Principality. I have spent months there engaged in archaeological researches in tile most out of the way districts, and though my main objects were scientific and not political, I had perhaps all the better opportunity for forming an unbiased judgment on the condition of the country. Nor, perhaps, do these impressions lose in value from the fact that they were formed before the beginning of the actual insurrectionary movement. “

No Macedonians, but Bulgars:

“Let me begin by correcting an almost universal fallacy. There are no ‘Macedonians’. There are Bulgars. There are Roumans - the relics of the Latin-speaking provincials of Rome’s Illyrian provinces, who still hold their own in the Pindus range and in the neighboring towns. There are Greeks, including more or less superficially Hellenized Roumans. There are ‘Turks,’ including Mohammedan Bulgarians, and some true Turkish villages in the Vardar valley representing a settlement earlier than the Ottoman conquest. There is an infusion of Skipetars or Albanians on the western and northern fringe. Finally, there is the large Spanish Jew population in Salonika. But there are no ‘Macedonians’.”

The Greek claim to Macedonia a dream:

“It is an unpleasant duty to have to tell one’s friends home truths, but the Greek claim to Macedonia, at least as regards the greater part of the interior of the country, is a dream. In some of the towns there is a fair Greek population, but even in that case, as in Monastir, for example, the statistics rest on an artificial basis. The truth is that a large number of those described as Greeks are really Roumans. Till within recent years Hellenism found a fertile field for propaganda among the representatives of the gifted Romance-speaking race of the Pindus region. Today Janina has quite forgotten its Rouman origin, and has become a center of Hellenism. Athens, the nearest civilized center, offered natural attractions to the quick-witted mercantile element in the towns. But, for good is expended by Greek committees in the endeavor to gain recruits for Greek nationality. Parents are actually paid to send their children to the Greek schools.”

What the “Bulgarophone Greeks” are:

“One of the most comic results of this competitive ethnography was a map published some years ago under Athenian auspices and circulated in this country. According to this Macedonia was, for practical purposes, divided into two elements - the Greek and the ‘Bulgarophone Greeks’ - as if some Celtic enthusiast should divide Britain between the Welsh and the ‘Anglophone Welsh!’ Macedonia, indeed, is full of artificial distinctions, the true lines of ethnic demarcation being continually crossed by classifications founded on religious adherence (for the time being) to the Greek Patriarchate or to the Bulgarian Exarchate. A Bulgar village may, for political purposes, be bribed or coerced into accepting allegiance to orthodox Greek ecclesiastical superiors. Its inhabitants are then complacently described by those who effected their spiritual transfer (which ‘spiritually’ means nothing) as the Hope of Hellas. But these artificial annexations do not go very far. The language of the villagers remains Bulgars, and the deep underlying instinct of race are only held in temporary suspense. The friends of Greece can only regret that she should be misled by such artificial pretensions; that she should grasp the shadow and lose the substance which might have been found in an understanding, on a reasonable basis of give and take, with her Slavonic neighbors. The late M. Tricoupi to my personal knowledge, saw things much more clearly. He was well aware that, except a narrow fringe to the south and some sporadic centers of no great magnitude in the interior of the province, the Greek element had no real hold on Macedonia. His chief anxiety, for which he had solid grounds came, indeed, from that direction, but not from the Bulgarian quarter. That cool political observer would certainly have refrained from qualifying, as did the present Greek premier, an exceptionally industrious and peaceful population who, for fifteen centuries, have been tillers of the Macedonian soil, and only now owing to indescribable oppression have been goaded into revolt, as ‘Bulgarian wolves’, apparently recent intruders into a Greek fold! The brigands of Pindus and Olympus have been rarely recruited from the Bulgar element. I myself was once dogged for nearly ten days by a brigand band along the Pindus border, but they were not Bulgars.”

“The fact is that even in this country - largely owing to interested efforts to disguise the true situation the great preponderance of the Bulgar element in Macedonia is only imperfectly realized. I can only say, as my personal experience after exploring almost the whole interior of the province, that outside the fringe already referred to, and some small urban centers, practically the whole mass of the population is Slavonic, speaking characteristically Bulgarian dialects. The Bulgarian shibboleths, such as the placing of the article after the word, extend even to the Uscub region, sometimes claimed by the Serbs, whose real speech only begins north of the Shar range. Where, as in certain small towns as Kastoria, the Greek element was in a majority, it was far outweighed by the populous Bulgar villages around. This great preponderance of the Bulgar element is a fundamental factor in the present situation, which has been much obscured by statistics drawn from Greek sources. It is liable to be very imperfectly realized by foreigners and even by Consuls whose experience with Macedonia has been mainly confined to towns like Salonica or Monastir.”